Oxygen levels in the gut lumens of herbivorous insects

Image Oxygen levels were measured in the foregut and midgut lumens of ten species of caterpillars and three species of grasshoppers. In most species, the foregut was nearly anoxic, with oxygen levels ranging from 0 to 2.5 mm Hg. However, two caterpillar species with large foreguts (Malacosoma disstria and Lymantria dispar) had elevated oxygen levels (27.9 and 32.1 mm Hg) in this region when they were fed artificial diet. In all of the species surveyed, the anterior and posterior mi... Read More

Molecular approaches to study probiotic bacteria

Image Functional foods comprising probiotic bacteria are receiving increasing attention from the scientific community and science funding agencies. An essential aspect relating to the functionality of probiotic-based foods is to develop molecular methods to determine the presence, activity and viability of probiotic bacteria in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The GI tract is composed of a complex ecosystem of various microbial habitats colonized by numerous different commens... Read More

Physiology of Probiotic Lactic Acid

Image The current taxonomy of probiotic lactic acid bacteria is reviewed with special focus on the genera Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Enterococcus. The physiology and taxonomic position of species and strains of these genera were investigated by phenotypic and genomic methods. In total, 176 strains, including the type strains, have been included. Phenotypic methods applied were based on biochemical, enzymatical and physiological characteristics, including growth temperatures, cell wal... Read More

Econutrition and health maintenance

Image The nutritional needs of the gastrointestinal mucosa per se has until today been largely neglected. It is a rather novel finding, that the lower part of the digestive tract is most dependent on luminal nutrition for maintaining its integrity, structure and function. Even the most complete parenteral nutrition (PN) regimen cannot, in the absence of adequate enteral nutrition (EN), fully prevent the development of mucosal atrophy in the lower part of the ... Read More

BIOHM Probiotics Retain Viability in Low pH Environment

Image Probiotics in various combinations and in various forms have become popular supplements for establishing and maintaining gut health. However, commercial products vary in the effectiveness of their specific probiotic strains and the ability of these strains to survive the acidic environment of the stomach. A novel probiotic, manufactured by BIOHM, LLC, has a unique formulation of Saccharomyces boulardii, ... Read More

New Perspectives on Probiotics

Image The gut microbiota continues to fascinate scientists in many realms when it is considered that humans contain 90% bacteria. Correlations between changes in composition and activity of the gut microbiota and common disorders such as cancer, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity, oral health, etc. have been proposed. To battle the increase in health care costs, a preventive approach to medicine with the development of probiotics and prebiotics or symbio... Read More

Heteropolysaccharides from Lactic Acid Bacteria

Image Exopolysaccharides produced  by  lactic  acid  bacteria have  tremendous  value  in  the  development  of  new functional foods. Different types of exopolysaccharides produced vary in monomer composition, molecular weight and structure. This review focuses on the heteropolysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria. The huge diversity of  heteropolysaccharides  presents  several  applications  in  fo... Read More

Food based Oral Rehydration Therapy

Image Prompt restoration of lost fluids and salts is the primary goal of cholera treatment. Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) with high-osmolarity mixture of glucose and salts has been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and proved to be safe and effective in treating and preventing dehydration in cholera patient. The standard WHO-oral rehydration salt (WHO-ORS) prevents millions of deaths each year. Studies of food-based ORS versus WHO-ORS, demonstrated an improved outcome such ... Read More

Issue Release: Effect of Salting Technique on Shreddability, Texture Profile and Microstructure of the Pre-Acidified Cow’s Mozzarella Cheese

Image Authors: Emam AO* and Sahar A. Nasser Title: Effect of Salting Technique on Shreddability, Texture Profile and Microstructure of the Pre-Acidified Cow’s Mozzarella Cheese Description: As per Researchers point of this examination is to explore the impact of salting method together with sort of pre-acidification utilized corrosive on shreddability, texture profile and microstructure of the full fat cow’s ... Read More

Probiotics for Celiac Disease

Image Celiac Disease (CD) or gluten sensitive enteropathy is anautoimmune disorder characterised by variable presentations which respond to exclusion of wheat and other gluten containing products. While exclusion of gluten is the corner stone in the management ofthis entity, newer therapeutic approaches are now being investigated. These include use of elemental diets, oral prolyl-endopeptidases, IL-15blockage, transamidation of wheat and use of probiotics. The microbial composition... Read More

Probiotic Potential in Fermented Food

Image Probiotics have been defined a number of times. Presently the most common definition is that from the FAO/WHO which states that probiotics are “live microorganisms that, administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.” One of the most significant groups of probiotic organisms are the lactic acid bacteria, commonly used in fermented dairy products. There is an increase in interest in these species as research is beginning to reveal the... Read More

Food Borne Illness

Image Food Borne Illness Foodborne illness (also foodborne disease and colloquially referred to as food poisoning) is any illness resulting from the spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food, as well as toxins such as poisonous mushrooms and various species of beans that have not been boiled for at least 10 minutes. Symptoms vary depending on the cause, and are described below in this article. A few broad generalizations can be made. For contaminants requiring an incubation period, symptoms may not manifest for hours to day... Read More

Plant It & It will give you Life

Image Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology is celebrating 7th Anniversary it’s been seven years we have started the Journal. The open access journal is published by Longdom who hosts around 350 open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes more than 100 International scientific Conferences. We are privileged to welcome researchers to our journal. The Journal of ... Read More

Probiotics in Gastroenterology

Image Perturbation of bacterial microflora of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may play an important role in the pathophysiology of some GI disorders. Probiotics are dietary supplements that have shown potential benefit in the treatment and prevention of various gastrointestinal (GI) disease states.  GI Microbiota-The term microbiota refers to a community of microo... Read More


Image International journal of nutritional disorders & therapy celebrates eight years of its existence in the field of medical publishing and research and extends a very warm welcome to all the authors, researchers, editors and student to contribute their latest research findings as full length articles to this collaborative medical journal. The journal is committed to serve its readers authors by adding the state of the art facilities to enhance the author’s scholarly visibility. Established in the year ... Read More

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals Publication Ethics

Image Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals provide the rapid publication of articles in all areas related to Antivirals & Antiretrovirals on quaterly basis. Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately one month after acceptance. This journal considers articles from all aspect of understanding related to Antivirals, Antiretrovirals, HIV, AIDS, Viral Immunity, Viral Vaccine, Bacteriophages, H1N1, Hepatitis, Interferons (IFNs), A... Read More

4th Anniversary: Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene , as Editor, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome researchers to our journal. As Editor it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene. The Journal of Food: ... Read More

Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences Announces Special Issue Invitation

Image The Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (ISSN: 2155-9600) is scheduled to celebrate its 10th anniversary in the year 2020. The journal has successfully released several issues of peer-reviewed articles collated from wide geographic locations across the world since its inception in the year 2011, in addition to several special issues and International conference proceedings. The editorial team of the journal is planning to compile an edited special issue focusing on tending research activities in Food Sciences. T... Read More

Special Issue: Challenges to the Dairy Industry and Human Nutrition

Image Advances in Dairy Research (ISSN: 2329-888X) is scheduled to Release its special Issue. The journal has successfully released several issues of peer-reviewed articles collated from wide geographic locations across the world since its inception in the year 2013, in addition to several special issues and International conference proceedings. To commemorate the decade long publications services, the editorial team of the journal is planning to compile an edited special issue focusing on tending research activities... Read More

Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences Celebrates 8 Years of Scientific Research Publication by Offering Discount in Publication Charges

Image Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences is a prominent platform to various latest finds of Botanical Sciences and its related fields. The Journal is started in 2012 and released its first issue in the same year. It is known for its various innovative research articles and strong association with various scientific societies and agencies engaged in profound botanical research. On completion of its successful 8 years journey in scientific publishing field, journal is offering 50% waiver on article process... Read More

Celebrating 10 Glorious Years of Excellence in Food Processing and Technology

Image Journal of Food Processing and Technology (ISSN: 2157-7110) is scheduled to celebrate its 10th anniversary in the year 2020. The journal is devoted to convey and spread to its researchers around the world, the latest knowledge on physical, chemical or microbiological methods and techniques used to transmute raw ingredients into food and its transformation into other forms in the food processing industry. The journal provides an open-access platform to publish the original research articles and provides the rapid dissemina... Read More