Antibiofilm and Antiadhesive Activities of Different Synbiotics

Image Synbiotics are a combination of probiotic bacteria and the growth promoting prebiotic ingredients that purport “synergism”. Probiotics are well known for their ability to restore a healthful balance of commensal microbes supporting the repair of hyper-permeable epithelial barriers and interfering with infection. The effect of prebiotics fructo-oligosa... Read More

Coronavirus and Probiotics: Past, Present and Future

Image Coronavirus  disease  (COVID-19),  caused  by  a  new  strain  of coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) identified in 2019 and previously not identified in humans, was declared a pandemic in March 2020by  the  World  Health  Organization.  It  is  not  the  first-time coronavirus  is  being  identified  in  humans.  In  2004,  a  novel coronavirus strain (HCoV-NL63) was i... Read More

MArigold and its characteristics

Image Marigolds are a favorite, no-fuss annual that can bring the color of sunshine to your garden, as well as butterflies, bees, ladybugs, and other beneficial insects. Give them full sun and some well-draining soil and watch them bloom from late spring until fall. Marigold seeds germinate quickly, within just a few days, and bloom in about 8 weeks. This quick sense of satisfaction makes them a great first-time gardening project for kids and garden newbies. Not to mention, marigolds are a great companion in your vegetable garden and can help protect your veggies from predators and pest... Read More

Hepatitis C Virus Antibody in Patients Attending Private Tertiary Hospital in Nigeria

Image Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is a RNA virus and a member of Flavivirus family; it is mostly transmitted parentally, although the virus can also be acquired vertically or sexually. HCV is more infectious than the human immunodeficiency virus and it requires lesser contact to cause an infection. The virus can persist in approximately 85% of infected individuals unlike hepatitis B virus, there is no vaccine that can protect against hepatitis C viral infection but it is curable. Globally, hepatitis C virus is a causative agent for both acute and chronic hepatitis, which could be a mild infection las... Read More

Probiotics and Cancer Prevention as a Part of the Healthy Microbiome

Image Probiotics and Cancer Prevention as a Part of the Healthy Microbiome Probiotics–beneficial   microorganisms–must   be   understood   within the context of the microbiome and their interaction with the human host. The microbiome was first mentioned around 400 BC by Hippocrates, the father of medicine. Although he did not define the microbiome explicitly, he is quoted as saying “death sits in the bowels” and &ldquo... Read More

Microbiome in Food Animals

Image Microbiome in Food Animals The animal production industry is a major user of antimicrobial agents which are necessary to meet the increasing demand of animal proteins for the growing world population. While accurate estimates of the volume of antimicrobials used in food production systems are lacking in many countries, widespread antimicrobial use (AMU) in food animal production is fueling the rise of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), which could lead to difficult-to treat bacterial infections in both humans and animals. The World Health Organization has identified ... Read More

Vegetarian Diet and Their Effect on Viral Diseases, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

Image Vegetarian diet includes fruits, Folic acid , Low cholesterol , total fat ,vegetables, saturated fatty acids, Iron , grains, fats, phytochemicals, fiber, legumes, antioxidants, Vitamin A, B, C, D and E, Sodium, Zinc, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids. When meat and fish are taken in place of vegetables it becomes nonvegetable diet. Vegetable diet is beneficial in all ways it reduces obesity, reduces diabetes, reduces cancer, cardiovascular diseases, lowers blood level and improves kidney functions, reduces pain from arthritis, brain diseases (Alzheimer). It also reduces cholesterol, digestive sys... Read More

Lactobacilli and it’s probiotics properties

Image Bacterial competitiveness appears  to  be  an  efficient  way  to  fight  pathogenic  oral  flora.  This  competition  may  be facilitated  by  probiotics,  particularly  in  periodontal  diseases.  The  aim  of  this  study  was  to  investigate  the  probioticproperties of 61 clinical isolates of oral lactobacilli.The  inhibitory&n... Read More

Probiotic bacteria: Functional and technological properties

Image During the past two decades probiotic (health promoting) micro-organisms have been increasingly included in various types of food products, especially in fermented milks. Several aspects, including safety, functional and technological characteristics, have to be taken into consideration in the selection process of probiotic micro-organisms. Safety aspects include specifications such as origin (healthy human GI-tract), non-pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance characteristic... Read More

Health Benefits Mediated by Probiotics

Image Various probiotic as well as prebiotic and synbiotic products have already been and continue to be developed with the rationale of shaping the gut microbiota towards a more beneficial composition. Probiotics have  been  defined  as  “Live  organisms  which  when  administered  in  adequate  amounts  confer  a  health  benefit  to  the  host”.  However,  without&n... Read More

Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial (jctr)

Image Should psychiatric symptoms start to be treated with bacteria? The manuscript on the first randomized placebo-controlled trial determining the effects of supplementation with synbiotics on reducing impulsive and compulsive behavior in a sample of patients diagnosed with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or borderline personality disorder (BDP) raises the question of a central implication of the brain-immunegut axis on, at least, a subgroup of mental disorders. Furthermore, it points into the necessity of designing new evidence-based therapeutic approaches for the manag... Read More

The Role of Gut Microbiota and Probiotics

Image The gut microbiota is a very diverse ecosystem in that it is comprised of  over  2,000  distinct  species  and  has  a  collective  gemone  of  150  fold  more  genes  than  the  human  genome.  It  performs  vital  functions  related  to  not  only  nutrition,  metabolism  but  also  secretes  a  number  of  b... Read More

Probiotic Properties of Lactobacilli

Image Bacterial competitiveness appears  to  be  an  efficient  way  to  fight  pathogenic  oral  flora.  This  competition  may  befacilitated  by  probiotics,  particularly  in  periodontal  diseases.  The  inhibitory  activity  of  the  tested  strains  against  periodontopathogens  was  assessed  with  the  ... Read More

Probiotics: Mechanisms of Action and Clinical Applications

Image Probiotics are living microorganisms which when taken in adequate amount provides benefit to the host. While this beneficial effect was originally thought to stem from improvements in the intestinal microbial balance, there is now substantial evidence that probiotics can also provide benefits by modulating immune functions. Extrapolation of immunomodulatory effects found in the laboratory and in animal studies with outcomes in human trials presents a difficult challenge. N... Read More


Image Celiac Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic disorder caused by an inflammatory T-cell response to the storage proteins in wheat, rye and barley, which are collectively called “gluten” and characterized by the presence of typical autoantibodies (anti transglutaminase (TTG), anti endomysial, anti-deamidated gliadin peptide) and a range of histological alterations of the small bowel mucosa ranging from increased intra epithelial lymphocytes to total villous atrophy. Genetic (mainly positivity for HLADQ2 and/or DQ8), immunological, and environmental factors (... Read More

Fermentation: The key to food safety

Image Fermentation is widely practised at the household level as a method of preparing and preserving food, especially cereals, milk, fish and oil seeds. Evaluation of the microbial safety of these foods has involved deliberate inoculation with a number of pathogens. The Gram-negative bacteria appear to be more susceptible to the effects of fermentation, but the Gram-positive bacteria, especially ... Read More

Oxygen levels in the gut lumens of herbivorous insects

Image Oxygen levels were measured in the foregut and midgut lumens of ten species of caterpillars and three species of grasshoppers. In most species, the foregut was nearly anoxic, with oxygen levels ranging from 0 to 2.5 mm Hg. However, two caterpillar species with large foreguts (Malacosoma disstria and Lymantria dispar) had elevated oxygen levels (27.9 and 32.1 mm Hg) in this region when they were fed artificial diet. In all of the species surveyed, the anterior and posterior mi... Read More

Molecular approaches to study probiotic bacteria

Image Functional foods comprising probiotic bacteria are receiving increasing attention from the scientific community and science funding agencies. An essential aspect relating to the functionality of probiotic-based foods is to develop molecular methods to determine the presence, activity and viability of probiotic bacteria in the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The GI tract is composed of a complex ecosystem of various microbial habitats colonized by numerous different commens... Read More

Physiology of Probiotic Lactic Acid

Image The current taxonomy of probiotic lactic acid bacteria is reviewed with special focus on the genera Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Enterococcus. The physiology and taxonomic position of species and strains of these genera were investigated by phenotypic and genomic methods. In total, 176 strains, including the type strains, have been included. Phenotypic methods applied were based on biochemical, enzymatical and physiological characteristics, including growth temperatures, cell wal... Read More

Econutrition and health maintenance

Image The nutritional needs of the gastrointestinal mucosa per se has until today been largely neglected. It is a rather novel finding, that the lower part of the digestive tract is most dependent on luminal nutrition for maintaining its integrity, structure and function. Even the most complete parenteral nutrition (PN) regimen cannot, in the absence of adequate enteral nutrition (EN), fully prevent the development of mucosal atrophy in the lower part of the ... Read More

BIOHM Probiotics Retain Viability in Low pH Environment

Image Probiotics in various combinations and in various forms have become popular supplements for establishing and maintaining gut health. However, commercial products vary in the effectiveness of their specific probiotic strains and the ability of these strains to survive the acidic environment of the stomach. A novel probiotic, manufactured by BIOHM, LLC, has a unique formulation of Saccharomyces boulardii, ... Read More

New Perspectives on Probiotics

Image The gut microbiota continues to fascinate scientists in many realms when it is considered that humans contain 90% bacteria. Correlations between changes in composition and activity of the gut microbiota and common disorders such as cancer, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, inflammatory bowel diseases, obesity, oral health, etc. have been proposed. To battle the increase in health care costs, a preventive approach to medicine with the development of probiotics and prebiotics or symbio... Read More

Heteropolysaccharides from Lactic Acid Bacteria

Image Exopolysaccharides produced  by  lactic  acid  bacteria have  tremendous  value  in  the  development  of  new functional foods. Different types of exopolysaccharides produced vary in monomer composition, molecular weight and structure. This review focuses on the heteropolysaccharides produced by lactic acid bacteria. The huge diversity of  heteropolysaccharides  presents  several  applications  in  fo... Read More

Food based Oral Rehydration Therapy

Image Prompt restoration of lost fluids and salts is the primary goal of cholera treatment. Oral rehydration therapy (ORT) with high-osmolarity mixture of glucose and salts has been recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and proved to be safe and effective in treating and preventing dehydration in cholera patient. The standard WHO-oral rehydration salt (WHO-ORS) prevents millions of deaths each year. Studies of food-based ORS versus WHO-ORS, demonstrated an improved outcome such ... Read More

Issue Release: Effect of Salting Technique on Shreddability, Texture Profile and Microstructure of the Pre-Acidified Cow’s Mozzarella Cheese

Image Authors: Emam AO* and Sahar A. Nasser Title: Effect of Salting Technique on Shreddability, Texture Profile and Microstructure of the Pre-Acidified Cow’s Mozzarella Cheese Description: As per Researchers point of this examination is to explore the impact of salting method together with sort of pre-acidification utilized corrosive on shreddability, texture profile and microstructure of the full fat cow’s ... Read More

Probiotics for Celiac Disease

Image Celiac Disease (CD) or gluten sensitive enteropathy is anautoimmune disorder characterised by variable presentations which respond to exclusion of wheat and other gluten containing products. While exclusion of gluten is the corner stone in the management ofthis entity, newer therapeutic approaches are now being investigated. These include use of elemental diets, oral prolyl-endopeptidases, IL-15blockage, transamidation of wheat and use of probiotics. The microbial composition... Read More

Probiotic Potential in Fermented Food

Image Probiotics have been defined a number of times. Presently the most common definition is that from the FAO/WHO which states that probiotics are “live microorganisms that, administered in adequate amounts, confer a health benefit on the host.” One of the most significant groups of probiotic organisms are the lactic acid bacteria, commonly used in fermented dairy products. There is an increase in interest in these species as research is beginning to reveal the... Read More

Food Borne Illness

Image Food Borne Illness Foodborne illness (also foodborne disease and colloquially referred to as food poisoning) is any illness resulting from the spoilage of contaminated food, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, or parasites that contaminate food, as well as toxins such as poisonous mushrooms and various species of beans that have not been boiled for at least 10 minutes. Symptoms vary depending on the cause, and are described below in this article. A few broad generalizations can be made. For contaminants requiring an incubation period, symptoms may not manifest for hours to day... Read More

Plant It & It will give you Life

Image Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology is celebrating 7th Anniversary it’s been seven years we have started the Journal. The open access journal is published by Longdom who hosts around 350 open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes more than 100 International scientific Conferences. We are privileged to welcome researchers to our journal. The Journal of ... Read More

Probiotics in Gastroenterology

Image Perturbation of bacterial microflora of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract may play an important role in the pathophysiology of some GI disorders. Probiotics are dietary supplements that have shown potential benefit in the treatment and prevention of various gastrointestinal (GI) disease states.  GI Microbiota-The term microbiota refers to a community of microo... Read More


Image International journal of nutritional disorders & therapy celebrates eight years of its existence in the field of medical publishing and research and extends a very warm welcome to all the authors, researchers, editors and student to contribute their latest research findings as full length articles to this collaborative medical journal. The journal is committed to serve its readers authors by adding the state of the art facilities to enhance the author’s scholarly visibility. Established in the year ... Read More

Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals Publication Ethics

Image Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals provide the rapid publication of articles in all areas related to Antivirals & Antiretrovirals on quaterly basis. Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately one month after acceptance. This journal considers articles from all aspect of understanding related to Antivirals, Antiretrovirals, HIV, AIDS, Viral Immunity, Viral Vaccine, Bacteriophages, H1N1, Hepatitis, Interferons (IFNs), A... Read More

4th Anniversary: Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene , as Editor, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 4th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome researchers to our journal. As Editor it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene. The Journal of Food: ... Read More

Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences Announces Special Issue Invitation

Image The Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences (ISSN: 2155-9600) is scheduled to celebrate its 10th anniversary in the year 2020. The journal has successfully released several issues of peer-reviewed articles collated from wide geographic locations across the world since its inception in the year 2011, in addition to several special issues and International conference proceedings. The editorial team of the journal is planning to compile an edited special issue focusing on tending research activities in Food Sciences. T... Read More

Special Issue: Challenges to the Dairy Industry and Human Nutrition

Image Advances in Dairy Research (ISSN: 2329-888X) is scheduled to Release its special Issue. The journal has successfully released several issues of peer-reviewed articles collated from wide geographic locations across the world since its inception in the year 2013, in addition to several special issues and International conference proceedings. To commemorate the decade long publications services, the editorial team of the journal is planning to compile an edited special issue focusing on tending research activities... Read More

Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences Celebrates 8 Years of Scientific Research Publication by Offering Discount in Publication Charges

Image Research & Reviews: Journal of Botanical Sciences is a prominent platform to various latest finds of Botanical Sciences and its related fields. The Journal is started in 2012 and released its first issue in the same year. It is known for its various innovative research articles and strong association with various scientific societies and agencies engaged in profound botanical research. On completion of its successful 8 years journey in scientific publishing field, journal is offering 50% waiver on article process... Read More

Celebrating 10 Glorious Years of Excellence in Food Processing and Technology

Image Journal of Food Processing and Technology (ISSN: 2157-7110) is scheduled to celebrate its 10th anniversary in the year 2020. The journal is devoted to convey and spread to its researchers around the world, the latest knowledge on physical, chemical or microbiological methods and techniques used to transmute raw ingredients into food and its transformation into other forms in the food processing industry. The journal provides an open-access platform to publish the original research articles and provides the rapid dissemina... Read More