The Environmental Hazards of Toxic Metals Pollution
The Journal of Clinical Toxicology (JCT) is Scholarly Open Access journal that deals with the study of xenobiotics and alsostudy toxic effects of agents (drugs) whose purpose is to ameliorate or prevent a disease. The journal addresses both scientific research and clinical advances in clinical toxicology. This free clinical journal provides an open access platform for researcher’s work in clinical toxicology in hospitals, academia, government or industrial sectors.
This Scientific journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of publishing. The journal is using Editorial Tracking System for quality peer-review process. Editorial Tracking is an online manuscript submission, review and Managing systems. Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Clinical Toxicology or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript.
Due to the development of civilization, the growth of human population, and the rapid technological development from many anthropogenic emission sources, heavy metals are rapidly entering several environmental compartments. Aside from industrial sources, ores and fossil fuels extraction from the Earth’s interior lead to additional heavy metal input into the environment. The increasing consumption of fossil fuels in recent decades has resulted in changes in the composition of the atmosphere and, due to the presence of hazardous materials, has caused acute and chronic adverse health effects to humans and animals, vegetation, and material goods. A number of natural and anthropogenic processes emit toxic elements into the atmosphere that can cause hazard to humans, animals, plants, and the environment as a whole. A large amount of harmful and toxic heavy metals is polluting the air, soils and sediments, rivers and oceans, causing significant environmental damage.
Combustion of fossil fuels, high temperature combustion plants, metal processing industries, traffic etc. are emitting heavy metals into the atmosphere, polluting it, and can be transported over long distances. Heavy metals released from combustion processes are dominating in the finest mode of size-segregated aerosols. From the atmosphere, many heavy metals are deposited on surface soil, and several of them can exist in gaseous phase which are more harmful (Hg, As, Se, Cd, Pb). Additionally, industrial activities such as platting, electronic and robotic component production, vessel construction and others release significant amounts of these elements directly into the aquatic environment. Heavy metals interact in the earth-water-sediment system by adsorbing on soil particles and sediments, and binding to organic matter and carbonate chemical forms. From these forms under adverse eco-chemical conditions, such as pH lowering, altering the reducing-oxidizing conditions of the environment, etc. they return to soluble forms and become bioavailable to plants, therefore entering the food chain.
Since the majority of human populations live or develop their anthropogenic activities near coastal and riverine areas, the aquatic environments acquire a special importance in terms of ecological impacts of heavy metals into the ecosystem, trophic webs and human health, due to marine products consumption.
Journal of Clinical Toxicology
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